Demonstrated future potential by meeting State Swimming Association selection criteria and National pre-elite benchmark criteria cognisant of maturational status of the athlete.
Young and developing athletes can grow at different rates with chronological age. To add, they can enter and progress through maturation at different chronological time points. The speed and magnitude of physical and cognitive maturation can differ markedly, and such development can affect swimming performance to a greater or lesser extent. Young and maturing swimmers could potentially reside in the matched FTEM categories, and so understanding the stage and influence of growth and maturation on performance relative to the developmental stage will be important.
- Typically associated with 11+ – 16 years.
- Entry of maturation (11+ girls; 12+ boys – 15-16 years) Increasing height, weight, muscle strength/force (body fat gain females);
- Potential surge (and decrement) in physical/fitness capability improvement relative to others – Potential (dis)advantages for early maturer’s.
- Potential period of coordination & technical control loss due to growth & instability
- Increasing emotional awareness; impulsiveness
- Capability for planning & self-control (executive functioning)
- Aerobic Development (AEC)
- Training Foundations
- Continuation of Technique across all strokes
- Development of Aerobic capacity
- Further development of racing skills
- Provide a greater variety of training methods
- Increase strength to body weight ratio
- Even development of all muscle groups
- Development ‘core’ body alignment
- Maintain flexibility
- Recovery and Regeneration
- 10 – 14 Weeks per season
- Introduction to structured training programs.
- Screening for exposure to developmental background in foundation phases
- Training Implications
- Introduction to forms of structured swimming training.
- Assessment of developmental background
- Understands the basic factors of fitness that influence performance, also basic aspects of swim training programming.
- Performs well on aerobic capacity, sprint and kick/pull tests sets.
- Demonstration of the key technique points (distance per stroke and stroke rate) for each stroke and racing skills in a variety of training and competition environments.
- Ability to pace races with an understanding of negative splitting especially with middle and distance freestyle events.
- Understanding the relationship between distance per stroke, stroke rates and knowledge of individual event specific splits, stroke rates and targets.
Demonstration of appropriate musculoskeletal range of movement, stability and robustness in a variety of training and competition environments. As an example; Overhead Squat, Push Ups with correct posture, Lunge & Twist, Side Bridging, Prone Bridge
- Growing self-confidence, self-assurance & commitment
- Demonstration of engagement & focus on personal improvement in training & initial competition.
- Capability to respond & adapt performance aspects (e.g., technical, tactical) to coaching instruction
Evidence-based and holistic coaching delivered by Pre-elite Club/Program Coaches.
Daily Performance Training Environment
- The Head Coach has consistently demonstrated their ability to coach all levels of swimmers in line with the maturational and stage of developmental requirements
- Program delivery is holistic based on the maturational stage of development via sport-specific knowledge and interpersonal skills
- Proactive coach led functional movement and injury prevention strategies
- Able to overlay (meso) long-term (4 years), (macro) seasonal and (micro) month/week/day planning. Able to adjust or change planning/training based on standards test results.
- If available, allocation of an assistant coach,
- Coach provided from the club with a supportive management environment to monitor and proactively manage workload and personal development.
- Head Coach with fixed term contract
- Contract to include engagement with identified Coach professional development programs,
- Employer support to attend any Australian Team or State Association Team competitions and camps
- Training access to a range of wet and dry facilities that are considered best practice for developing programs
Water space and partnership requirements:
- 1-2 pools at one or numerous venues, with regular access throughout the season,
- Standardised swimming pool equipment
- Facilities self-contained or with shared access
Athlete support and development facilities:
- Access to gym facilities/dry land areas
- Mobile video analysis for technical intervention
Coach program management:
- Coach office and meeting room is ideal
Athlete wellbeing elements:
- Athletes live in manageable proximity to the training facilities (30-40mins)
Sport science and sports medicine (SSSM) support:
- Introduction to educational use of Sport Science and Sport Medicine knowledge and personnel
SSSSM integration practice:
- Service is general across most disciplines and reactive based on need/resources
- Regular support via basic educational resources
- Planned and linked to athlete stage of development
- Collaboration with local service providers
Introduction to AMS through:
- National Assessment Protocols and Trainability Profile Graphs
- Collated daily training, wellness and load information
- Record injury/illness instance
- Developmental Pathway that provides support to both athletes and coaches
- Overarching agreement with leisure provider that has, as schedules, the specific areas of service provision and operations under agreement
- Support to identify and coordinate Performance Science and Medicine Management
- Oversee regular IAPP and AMS monitoring as required
- Strong financial and program oversight capability, including regular reporting
- Provision of high quality underpinning business systems for the operational, financial and strategic delivery of the program
- Provide coaches with a personally supportive management environment to monitor and proactively manage workload, personal development and stress
- An awareness of and ability to facilitate the following Policies & Procedures around: Swimmers agreement, IPC Classification, induction program, Safe Sport Policy, Code of Conduct, Benchmark Event Selection Policies, Anti-Doping Policy, Supplement Policy, Social Media, Medical & Medications Policy
- Proactive link with a learn to swim operation
- Self-contained pathway exists internally for flow from junior swimmers
- Accredited coaches supporting Head Coach if required
- Head Coach is actively involved in mentoring club coaches and LTS teachers
- State Head Coaches, State association sport science providers. SIS/SAS supported where possible.
- Sport science and sports medicine disciplines provide guidance on talent identification testing & Medical/Musculoskeletal screening protocols.
- Athlete data stored on the Athlete Management System.
- State camps delivered by State Head Coaches supported by University Students – quality control provided by SIS/SAS staff.
- Delivered by Psychologist on the National Network list via SA Discipline Lead.
- Group education focused on building the Resilient MIND through understanding the brain, the stress response and the concept of resilience, and delivered via SSO activities.
- Group education focused on athletes, coaches and parents.
- Accredited Sport Dietitian, parents and coaches.
- Group practice based nutrition education focused on key performance nutrition practices.
- Introduction to Supplemental Sport foods and risk of supplement use.
- Group education focused on parent and coach upskilling.
- Qualified Sport physicians and practitioners who comply with anti-doping, supplementation, medication and injection policies.
- Education on health and hygiene in the DPE and team environment, the use of prescription medications, supplements.
- Sport Integrity Australia education on teams and camps on Sport Integrity Australia’s drug testing processes.
- Provide guidance and/or administer Medical screenings.
- Qualified Physiotherapists.
- Education on injury prevention and management, preparation for training and competition.
- Medical and functional movement screening upon entry into development program.
- Qualified soft tissue/massage therapists.
- Education on massage principles and development of self- massage techniques.
- Accredited as an ASCA Intern level Strength and
- Conditioning Coaches in Universities and State Institutes and Academies of Sport.
- Education on movement and strength training principles and load management.
- Access to ASC Clearinghouse Swimming S&C Support Page for fact sheets and coach upskilling
- General Manager Performance Pathways
- State Head Coaches
- Program Coaches
- SSA Development Officers
- EAFU Advisers
- Internal & External SME’s
- Pre-AWE Education Program – Swim, Study, Balance; Beyond the Black Line; Head Above Water (parents)
- State Head Coaches & Regional Development Coaches.
- Basic education on biomechanical principles and use of qualitative video analysis (training and competition).Basic education on quantitative competition /race analysis.
- Camp support on National and State Camps
- Skill acquisition specialists from the National Institutes Network.
- State and National Pre-elite Coaches.
- Basic coach education on models of skill learning. Basic understanding of core principles of instruction, practice and feedback.
- Provide guidance on talent identification testing.
- State Head Coaches & Regional Development Coaches and State Institutes and Academies of Sport Physiologists.
- Basic education on physiological capacities and methods of training.
- Laboratory and field testing of athletes: National or state camps.
- 2 x Assessment profiles per season. Testing data stored in the AMS.
Six to eight competitions per year.
- National, State & Regional Championships including State Team SC
- Grade & School Competitions.
- To participate in National Championships (Long or Short Course)
- Learning to develop competitive skills
- Review of competition performances for improvement
- General Manager Performance Pathways & National Transition Coach
- Paralympic Pathway Senior Coordinator & Paralympic Mentor Coach
- State Head Coach, Club Development Managers/Officers
- Regional Development Managers/Officers
Olympic pathway program:
- State Swimming Association Programs
Paralympic pathway program:
- State Swimming Association Programs
- State selection criteria’s and policies
- State Swimmers agreements, induction program, code of conduct, Anti-Doping Policy, Supplement Policy, Social Media, Medical & Medications Policy, athlete education.
- Athlete Education
Personnel and accountability:
- State Head Coaches & Coach/Club Development Officers
- Pre-elite Coach Personal Development (workshops, camp-based & program visit)
- SA Coaching Accreditation – Coaching Course
- Provide direct input into and consistent adoption of best practice identification and confirmation strategies that:
- Are reliable and valid assessments
- Cover the full athlete profile and are informed by SSSM and PE expertise
- Are cognisant of an athlete’s maturational status
- Include a balanced mix of on-water and off-water assessments
- Differentiated and specific to talent transfer or talent selected athletes
- State & Regional Development Coaches
- Mentoring from State Head Coaches
- National Talent Coaches, Club/Program Head Coaches & Assistant Coaches
- Mentoring from State Head Coaches
- Swimming Australia Coach Accreditation – Performance, Advanced and Development.
RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
- Predictive power of current T1/T2 assessments.
- Refinement of current TID battery.
- Predictive power of current assessments.
- Refinement of confirmation assessments & coaches/recruiters eye.
Potential collaboration partners:
- Australian Institute of Sport and State Institutes and Academies of Sport
- National Club network
- University Network
- Technological Industry Partners
Potential themes emanating:
- Consolidation of current talent identification and confirmation strategies and fit with E2/M Athlete Profile
- Consolidation of current talent transfer TID strategies
- Consolidation of current psychological assessments
- Developing a technical skill assessment tool for swimmers with lesser influence from maturation