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Ongoing Development

There are many technical official roles that are available. This diagram shows the pool roles, and there are others for open water.


Many officials enjoy the opportunity to learn new roles, although there is no obligation to progress.

Online training resources:

  • For General Principles, Clerk of Course and Check Starter
  • For Timekeeper, Chief Timekeeper, Judge of Stroke, Inspector of Turns, Recorder and Starter please visit here.

Learner guide resources:

Unit 1General Principles of Officiating
Unit 2Timekeeper
Unit 3 Chief Timekeeper
Unit 4Clerk of Course
Unit 5Check Starter
Unit 6Starter
Unit 7Inspector of Turns
Unit 8Judge of Stroke
Unit 9Recorder
Unit 10Finish Judge / Chief Finish Judge
Unit 11AOE Operator
Unit 12Meet Manager Operator
Unit 13Announcer
Unit 14Referee
Unit 15Referee – Multi Class
Unit 16Advanced Self Management